Avro Lincoln BII Bomber Plane
Roy Chadwick designed the Avro Lincoln to meet Air Ministry Specification B.14/43 for a new heavy bomber, it was a development of the existing Lancaster but had a higher bomb-load and could fly higher and faster. The Avro Lincoln entered service in late 1945 but WWII ended before the aircraft could see operational RAF Squadron use, Avro Lincoln was the last piston-engine powered heavy bomber produced for Royal Air Force use.
A total of 604 Avro Lincolns were built and remained in RAF service from 1945 until 1963, the cold war bringing their RAF operational life to a premature end as they lacked the range to attack many potential Soviet targets with gravity Nuclear weapons, their replacements were the all new jet V bomber force consisting of the Avro Vulcan, Handley-Page Victor and the Vickers Valiant. The last operational Avro Lincolns in service were those of the Argentine Air Force which were retired in 1967. The picture at the top of this page is of the long range version, the Avro Lincoln BII, and is on display at the Royal Air Force Museum Cosford.
It is of interest to note that the Avro Lincoln was originally named the Avro Lancaster IV but to stop any confusion which might occur with spare parts with the older Lancaster the bomber was re-named the Avro Lincoln. A maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare variant, the "Lincoln III", was developed and eventually evolved into the Avro Shackleton with addition of a re-designed fuselage, the Avro Shackleton remained in RAF service until 1990 as a maritime patrol platform.
Avro Lincoln I Armament:
- Guns: Twin .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns in nose, dorsal and tail turrets, alternatively twin 20 mm Hispano cannon in dorsal turret
- Bombs: Maximum of 14,000 lb (6,400 kg) of bombs
|Avro Lincoln I Specifications: |
- Crew: Pilot, flight engineer/co-pilot, navigator, wireless operator, front gunner/bomb aimer, dorsal and rear gunners
- Length: 78 ft 3½ in (23.86 m)
- Wingspan: 120 ft (36.58 m)
- Height: 17 ft 3½ in (5.27 m)
- Empty weight: 43,400 lb (19,686 kg)
- Loaded weight: 75,000 lb (34,100 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 82,000 lb  (37,273 kg)
- Engines: Four 1,750 hp (1,305 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 85 V piston engine
- Maximum speed: 319 mph (475 km/h) at 18,800 (5,640 m)
- Cruise speed: 215 mph (346 km/h) at 20,000 ft (6,100 m)
- Range: 2,930 mi (4,720 km) with maximum bomb-load 1,470 miles (2,370 km)
- Service ceiling: 30,500 ft (9,295 m)
- Rate of climb: 800 ft/min (245 m/min)
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Avro Lincoln BII Bomber Plane Picture and Information