Heinkel He 111 Bomber Plane
The Heinkel He 111 bomber was a German medium bomber designed by Siegfried and Walter GŁnter in the early 1930's, due to limitations placed on Germany in the Treaty of Versailles at the end of WW1, it was publicised as a civilian airliner and transport aircraft for Lufthansa use. At the outbreak of WW2 the Heinkel He 111 had become the Luftwaffe's primary medium bomber, the aircraft having already proved itself in the Spanish civil war (July 1936 to April 1939) with the Condor Legion.
The Heinkel He 111 is most famous as being one of the main combatants during the Battle of Britain, alongside the Supermarine Spitfire, Hawker Hurricane and Messerschmitt BF 109. As WW2 progressed so did technology, consequently the He 111 was removed from front line bomber service in 1942 but continued to be built by Heinkel and operated by the Luftwaffe mainly as a transport aircraft until the last days of WW2. Heinkel He 111 bombers were made under licence in Spain by CASA as the CASA 2.111 and served as bombers with the Spanish Air Force until the late 1960's and as transports until 1973. It was the Spanish Air Force's CASA 2.111 bomber force that portrayed the Luftwaffe's He 111 bombers in the 1969 film "The Battle of Britain" although ironically they were powered by Rolls-Royce Merlim engines as had been used in the RAF's fighters in the real Battle of Britain.
Heinkel He 111H-6 Armament:
- Between three to seven 7.92 mm MG 15 or MG 81 machine guns
(augmented in some aircraft with a 20 mm MG FF cannon and a 13 mm MG 131 machine gun)
- 2,500 kg (5,500 lb) of internally or externally stored bombs
|Heinkel He 111H-6 Specifications: |
- Crew: Pilot, navigator/bombardier, nose gunner, ventral gunner and dorsal gunner
- Length: 16.6 m (54 ft 6 in)
- Wingspan: 22.6 m (74 ft 3 in)
- Height: 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in)
- Max takeoff weight: 14,075 kg (31,000 lb)
- Engines: Twin 986 kW (1,300 hp) Jumo 211F-1 liquid-cooled inverted V-12
- Maximum speed: 400 km/h (250 mph)
- Range: 2,800 km with max fuel (1,750 mi)
- Service ceiling: 8,390 m (27,500 ft)
Heinkel He 111 Bomber
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