Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin
WW2 Fighter Pilot
Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin
(Famous Soviet World War II pilot)
Although Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin grew up in a poor community, it did not stop him from pursuing his dream to become a pilot. In fact, he did not join his peers in fighting and committing petty crimes; instead, he focused on studying even against the opposition of his father.
His school life was not complicated as he finished every course he took and repeatedly excelled in many of them.
Background and Early Life
Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin grew up in a poor family with a crime infested neighbourhood. He went to school for 7 years to allow him to achieve his dreams. He left home to pursue his dream of becoming a pilot, even though his father was against it. In 1933, he graduated from the school of aviation technicians, and in 1939 from the Kacha Military Aviation School for Pilots. He continued to study and graduated from the M. V. Frunze Military Academy in 1948, in 1957 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff.
Personal Life and Family
Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin was born on March 6, 1913 to a Jewish father who was a peasant before he became a factory worker. His mother was Akseniya Stepanovna who was Armenian. He had a famous brother, Arkhip Ivanovich. Aleksandr was married to Maria Kuzminishna, a nurse, who he met at the frontline.
Work and Career
Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin was named Hero of the Soviet Union on three different occasions. Not only that, but he earned numerous awards. He was one of the greatest tacticians of his time. He single-handedly fought against the totalitarian leadership and defied the combat doctrines that were already in use. He openly disapproved of the official tactics and made new tactics of his own which had raised many eyebrows of his superiors.
Details of Death
Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin died on November 13, 1985 and he was buried in Moscow of non specified causes.
Medals and Awards
- Three times Hero of the Soviet Union (24 May 1943 - № 993, 24 August 1943 - II № 10, 19 August 1944 - III № 1)
- Six Orders of Lenin (22 December 1941 - № 7086; 24 May 1943 - № 9600; 6 March 1963 - № 124904; 21 October 1967 - № 344099; 21 February 1978 - № 429973; 5 March 1983 - № 400362)
- Order of the October Revolution (5 March 1973 - № 1793)
- Order of the Red Banner, four times (22 April 1943 - № 66983; 18 July 1943 - № 8305 / 2; 24 December 1943 - № 448 / 3; 20 April 1953 - № 1392 / 4)
- Order of Suvorov, 2nd class, twice (6 April 1945 - № 1484; 29 May 1945 - № 1662)
- Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class (11 March 1985 - № 537 850)
- Order of the Red Star, twice (6 November 1947 - № 2762070; 4 June 1955 - № 3341640)
- Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR, 3rd class (30 April 1975 - № 0039)
- Medal for Combat Service (3 November 1944)
- Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" (1 May 1944)
- Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" (9 May 1945)
- Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (6 June 1945)
- Medal "For the Liberation of Prague" (9 June 1945)
- Medal "For the Capture of Berlin" (9 June 1945)
- Jubilee Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy"(22 February 1948)
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow" (7 April 1951)
- Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (18 December 1957)
- Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands" (5 November 1964)
- Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (7 May 1965)
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (26 December 1967)
- Medal "For Military Valour - To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin" (20 April 1970)
- Jubilee Medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (25 April 1975)
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (28 January 1978)
- Medal "For Strengthening Military Cooperation" (31 May 1980)
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 1500th Anniversary of Kiev" (17 May 1982)
- Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR" (30 April 1984)
- Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (12 April 1985)
- Honorary Citizen of: Mariupol, Novosibirsk, Bălți (Moldova), etc.
Foreign awards:Distinguished Service Medal (USA)Order of the People's Republic of Bulgaria, 1st class (Bulgaria)Order of Tudor Vladimirescu, 2nd and 3rd classes (Romania)Order of Karl Marx (East Germany)Silver Cross of the Virtuti Militari (Poland)Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (Poland)Order of Sukhbaatar (Mongolia)Order of the Red Banner (Mongolia)
Influence & LegacyA private museum in France has his P-39 aircraft on displayA museum in Bulgaria has a Yak-3 dedicated to him by the citizens of Novosibirsk but it was never flown by himThe Museum of Great Patrioctic War in Kishinev shows a MiG-17 on which he flew in post-war timeIn Novosibirsk, a recovered and rebuilt MiG-3 was painted to reproduce hypothetically his aircraft "white 5".In Novosibirsk, in the native land of Pokryshkin, a bronze bust was erected, and a street has his name.
He also wrote the following books:Wings of FightersYour Honorary DutiesSky of WarTo Discover Yourself in Battle
Full Name: Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin
Lifespan: March 6, 1913 – November 13 - 1985
Occupation: Aviator / Pilot/ Serviceman
Birthday: March 6, 1913
Place of Birth: Novosibirsk, Russia
Date of Death: November 13 - 1985
Place of Death: Russia
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Aleksandr Ivanovich Pokryshkin - WW2 Fighter Ace