Richard I. Bong
WW2 Fighter Pilot
Full Name: Richard Ira "Dick" Bong
Occupation: US WWII Fighter Pilot
Birthday: September 24, 1920
Place of Birth: Superior, Wisconsin, U.S.
Date of Death: August 6, 1945
Place of Death: North Hollywood, California
Born and raised on a farm, Bong pursued his dream to become a pilot. At an early age, he was already fascinated by flight and making model airplanes. He continued his interest and enrolled in the pilot training program where learned how to fly an aircraft.
He was among the United States elite fighter ace pilots in WWII . He was able to destroy at least 40 Japanese aircraft for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor. He may have died at an early age but his legacy, fame and influence lives on still.
Personal Life and Family
Richard Ira Bong was born on September 24, 1920 at Superior, Wisconsin. He was the son of the Swedish parents. Bong was the eldest among the 9 children. He grew up in the family farm where he farmed, hunted and fished for them on a daily basis.
Background and Early Life
Richard Ira Bong was very athletic when he was young. He participated in sports as well as joining the church choir. At an early age, he was already fascinated with airplanes and had fun making model planes. At the age of 18, he enrolled at the Superior State Teachers College where he learned how to fly in the Civilian Pilot Training Program. From then on, the only way was upwards. He married Marjorie Vattendahl on February 10, 1945. The couple were not blessed with children as Bong died a 6 months after they were married.
Work and Career
- 1941 He joined the Army Air Corps Aviation Cadet Program
- January 9, 1942 He became a second lieutenant and became a gunnery instructor.
- June 12, 1942 He was grounded for disobeying flying rules.
- July 1942 His squadron was sent to England without him.
- September 1942 He was transferred to another group, 9th Fighter Squadron which was based in Darwin, Australia.
- December 27, 1942 He had his first combat victories when he destroyed a Mitsubishi A6M and Nakajima Ki-43 Oscar. He was awarded the Silver Star for this achievement.
- March 1943 He went back to 49th FG which was based at Schwimmer Field.
- July 26, 1943 He shot down 4 Japanese aircraft which earned him the Distinguished Service Cross.
- April 1944 He destroyed 27 Japanese aircraft.
- September 1944 He went to New Guinea following leave in May.
- December 1944 He had tallied 40 victories. He was awarded the Medal of Honor by General Douglas MacArthur.
- January 1945 He was sent home for good by General Kenney (for home front moral reasons it was thought advisable not to risk his death at the hands of the enemy)
Details of Death
On August 6, 1945, he flew one of the new experimental P-80 Shooting Star jet fighters but noticed the planes primary fuel pump was malfunctioning during takeoff. He to switch over to the auxiliary fuel pump but was unable to do so. He could not bail out of the aircraft as the parachute would not have deployed a result of the aircraft's low altitude. The plane crashed into a field next to Oxnard Street and Satsuma Avenue. He died instantly due to the severe impact.
Medals and Awards
- Medal of Honor
- Distinguished Service Cross
- Silver Star with bronze oak leaf cluster
- Distinguished Flying Cross with one silver and one bronze oak leaf cluster
- Air Medal with two silver and four bronze oak leaf clusters
- Presidential Unit Citation with bronze oak leaf cluster
- American Defense Service Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with silver campaign star
- World War II Victory Medal
- Philippine Liberation Medal with one bronze service star
- Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
Influence & Legacy
Here are his legacies after his death:
Richard Bong State Recreation Area was constructed in Kenosha County, Wisconsin
Richard I. Bong Memorial Bridge along US Route 2 in the Twin Ports of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin
Richard I. Bong Airport in Superior, Wisconsin
Bong Barracks of the Aviation Challenge program
Richard I. Bong Bridge in Townsville, Australia
Major Richard Ira Bong Squadron of the Arnold Air Society at the University of Wisconsin
Richard Bong Theatre in Misawa, Japan and the 613th Air and Space Operations Center, Thirteenth Air Force, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii.
Bong avenues on the former site of the decommissioned Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, on Lackland AFB in San Antonio, Texas, on Luke AFB in Glendale, Arizona, on Elmendorf AFB in Anchorage, Alaska, and on Kadena AFB in Okinawa, Japan.
Bong Terrace, Mount Holly Township, New Jersey (Mount View neighborhood, built 19561957)
Wisconsin Aviation Hall of Fame (1987)
Richard I. Bong Veterans Historical Center in Superior, Wisconsin. Housed in a structure intended to resemble an aircraft hangar, it contains a museum, a film screening room, and a P-38 Lightning restored to resemble Bong's plane.
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Richard I. Bong - WW2 Fighter Ace