Aircraft Type Index

Military Helicopter Index



Sud-Est SE.3130 Alouette Military Helicopter

The Sud-Est Alouette II first flew in 1955 and was the first helicopter designed to be powered by a turbo-shaft engine. The 260 hp Artouste single shaft turbine which powered the Alouette was designed by Joseph Szydlowski the founder of Turboméca as an auxiliary power unit (APU) in 1947 but modified for potential helicopter use. Although the Alouette II used for civilian uses it was predominately intended for military use in numerous roles including training, liaison, photography, anti-tank and anti shipping, it was in fact the first ever helicopter to be equipped for anti-tank operations.

Sud-Est SE.3130 Alouette Military Helicopter


The Alouette II was produced between 1956-1975 with a total of over thirteen hundred being produced. It is of note that following the merger of Sud-Est with Nord Aviation in July 1970 to form Aérospatiale, this helicopter was marketed as the Aérospatiale Alouette II (SE 313B). Nearly 50 armed forces were operating the Alouette II when production ceased in 1975 and the German Luftwaffe continued to use them operationally until the late 1980's for it's border patrol with East Germany.

Sud-Est Alouette II Specifications:

Crew: Pilot only
Capacity: Four passengers or a 500 kg under-slung external load
Length: 9.66 m (31 ft 9 in)
Rotor diameter: 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)
Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
Empty weight: 895 kg (1,973 lb)
Max. takeoff weight: 1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
Engine: Single 269 kW (460 hp) Turboméca Artouste IIC6 turboshaft
Maximum speed: 185 km/h (100 knots, 115 mph) at sea level
Cruise speed: 170 km/h (92 knots, 106 mph)
Range: 565 km (305 nmi, 350 mi)
Endurance: 4.1 hours
Service ceiling: 2,300 m (7,545 ft)


  • Nord SS.11 6.8 kg warhead wire-guided anti-tank missiles

  • Two homing torpedoes


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