De Havilland Sea Venom FAW.21 Jet Fighter Plane
The De Havilland Sea Venom FAW.21 (FAW - Fighter All Weather) was based on the RAF's 1953 Venom NF.2 night fighter, the main changes being the introduction of folding wings, a "V" shaped tail hook, strengthened undercarriage, fixed wing-tip fuel tanks and a canopy that facilitated underwater ejection! The Sea Venom FAW.21 was fitted with an enlarged nose which contained an advanced American Westinghouse AI.21 radar giving the aircraft night fighter capability and the more powerful de Havilland Ghost 104 engine which made deck take-offs from a carrier flight-deck far more practical than it had been with the experimental Sea Vampire fighter.
It is of note that a total of 167 Sea Venoms were built in the UK, 39 were Sea Venom FAW.21's built for the Australian Navy as the De Havilland Sea Venom redesignated the FAW.53, and an additional 121 De Havilland Sea Venom FAW.20's were built under licence by SNCASE for the French Navy as the "Aquilon" (Sea Eagle), these were powered by a licence built Fiat Ghost 48 Mark I engine.
De Havilland Sea Venom FAW.22 Armament:
- Guns: Four 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk.V cannon
- Rockets: Eight 60lb RP-3 unguided rockets
- Bombs: Two 1000 lb (450 kg) bombs
De Havilland Sea Venom FAW.22 Specifications:
- Crew: 2
- Length: 36 ft 7 in (11.15 m)#
- Wingspan: 42 ft 10 in (13.06 m)
- Height: 8 ft 6¼ in (2.60 m)
- Maximum takeoff weight: 15,800 lb (7,167 kg)
- Engine: Single 5,300 lbf (23.6 kN) de Havilland Ghost 105 turbojet
- Maximum speed: 575 mph (500 knots, 927 km/h) at sea level
- Range: 705 mi (613 nmi, 1,135 km)
- Service ceiling: 39,500 ft (12,040 m)
- Rate of climb: 5,750 ft/min (29.2 m/s)
de Havilland intended to further improve the Sea Venom design but the Royal Navy wanted a twin engine fighter, de Havilland responded to this requirement with the Sea Vixen, based on a design they had already been developing to replace the RAF's Mosquito night fighters. The Sea Vixen still retained the twin tail-boom arrangement, but was enormous compared to the similar looking but diminutive Sea Vampire and Sea Venom designs, literally going from one extreme to the other as far as size and power, one can not but imagine what a Vampire pilot would have thought the first time he approached and climbed into a Sea Vixen!
A Flak Damaged Royal Navy De-Havilland FAW.22 Sea Venom of 893 Squadron after landing on the Aircraft Carrier HMS Eagle, unfortunately in this case without the benefit of it's undercarriage during the 1956 Suez Crisis.
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De Havilland Sea Venom FAW.21 Jet Fighter Picture & Information