Aircraft Type Index

Jet Fighter Planes Index

                   

 

Gloster Javelin Jet Fighter Plane

The Gloster Javelin was a large T-tailed delta-wing fighter designed in the late 1940's to meet the UK's air ministry specification F.44/46 for an all weather day and night fighter, it was first flown by Gloster's test pilot Bill Waterman in late November 1951 with the first production aircraft being delivered to the RAF in 1956. The Gloster Javelin was retired from RAF service in April 1968 in favour of the super-sonic English Electric Lightening interceptor, a total of 435 aircraft had been delivered when production ended. The picture below is of a Gloster Javelin FAW.5 built in 1957 currently on public display at the  Midland Air Museum.

Gloster Javelin FAW.5 Jet Fighter Plane

 

As a point of interest the RAF designation FAW designation stands for "Fighter All Weather".

Gloster Javelin FAW Mk9 Armament:

  • Twin 30 mm Aden cannons
  • Two or four de Havilland Firestreak air-to-air missiles
 

Gloster Javelin FAW1
 

 
Gloster Javelin FAW.1
 
Gloster Javelin FAW Mk9 Specifications:
  • Crew: Pilot and radar operator
  • Length: 56 ft 9 in (17.15 m)
  • Wingspan: 52 ft (15.85 m)
  • Height: 16 ft (4.88 m)
  • Empty weight: 24,000 lb (10,886 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 43,165 lb (19,580 kg)
  • Engines: Twin 12,300 lbf (54 kN) Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire 7R turbojets
  • Maximum speed: 610 knots at sea level (710 mph 1,140 km/h)
  • Range: 954 mi (1,530 km)
  • Service ceiling: 52,800 ft (15,865 m)
  • Rate of climb: 5,400 ft/min (27.45 m/s)
 
 

Gloster Javelin at RAE
Boscombe Down

It is of note that a single Gloster Javelin fighter, XH897,  was retained as a development and test aircraft by the RAE at Boscombe Down until January 1975, it was then flown to the Imperial war museum at Duxford, this aircraft is a Gloster Javelin FAW Mk9 and is the last aircraft of it's type to fly.

 
Gloster Javelin FAW-9 XH897
 

Aircraft Early History

The aircraft started it's life in 1958 as a Mk7 but later had it's wings replaced with Mk8 wings which had a drooped leading edge, the resultant hybrid aircraft being designated the Gloster Javelin FAW Mk9. These pictures are of XH897 at Duxford, the paintwork looking somewhat tatty!

 
Gloster Javelin Jet Fighter
 

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