Avro York Military Transport Aircraft
Although a wartime agreement had been made with the US giving them responsibility for the design and construction of Allied transport aircraft, Avro's famous chief designer, Roy Chadwick, developed the Avro York between 1941 and 1942 from his Avro Lancaster bomber design. The Avro York used the same tail, wings and undercarriage as the Lancaster to facilitate production economy. The Avro York first flew in July 1942 and entered operational service as a military transport with the RAF in 1944.
A total of 208 aircraft had been delivered to the RAF and 50 civilian airliner variants were operated by airlines when production ended in 1948 and the RAF did not retire it's last Avro York until 1957.
Avro York Specifications:
- Crew: Two pilots, navigator, wireless operator, cabin steward/Loadmaster
- Capacity: 56 passengers
- Maximum payload: 20,000 lb (9100 kg)
- Length: 78 ft 6 in (23.9 m)
- Wingspan: 102 ft 0 in (31.1 m)
- Height: 16 ft 6 in (5 m)
- Empty weight: 40,000 lb (18,150 kg)
- Loaded weight: 65,000 lb (29,480 kg)
- Engines: Four 1,280 hp (950 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 24 liquid-cooled V12 engines
- Maximum speed: 298 mph (258 knots, 479 km/h) at 21,000 ft (6,400 m)
- Range: 3,000 mi (2,600 nm, 4,800 km)
- Service ceiling 23,000 ft (7,010 m)
|1947 Berlin Airlift|
The most notable use of the Avro York was during the 1947 Berlin Airlift where seven squadrons of RAF Yorks completed 58,000 flights representing nearly half of the UK's contribution, the remaining contribution being made by the RAF's Douglas Dakotas, Handley Page Hastings and also Avro Lancastrians.
Rolls-Royce Merlin Mk 24
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