Aircraft Type Index

WW1 Fighter Planes Index

                   

 

Nieuport 17 WW1 Fighter

The Nieuport 17 was designed by Gustave Delage during 1916 as an improved performance fighter aircraft to replace the existing less powerful Nieuport II, the Nieuport II had been used successfully in the first two years of WWI but had become notably inferior to the latest generation of German Fighters.

Nieuport 17 Fighter Plane

 

The Nieuport 17 initially went into service with the French air force but was soon adopted by the British Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service because of its superior performance compared with any of the available British-designed fighter aircraft, it was destined to be the choice mount of many allied fighter aces including Albert Ball, Georges Guynemer, Rene Fonck and “Billy” Bishop who was awarded the Victoria Cross after an engagement whilst flying his Nieuport 17. The Nieuport 17 had very few design problems, the main one being that the lower wing had a tendency to "twist off" in excessively high speed dives. The "choice" status of the Nieuport 17 was to remain in force until the introduction of the Sopwith Camel and the SPAD S VII.

Nieuport 17 Specifications:

  • Wing Span: 8 m (26 ft 9 1/4 in)
  • Length: 5.8 m (19 ft)
  • Height: 2.4 m (7 ft 10 1/2 in)
  • Weight, Empty: 375 kg (827 lb)
  • Weight, Gross: 560 kg (1,235 lb)
  • Max Speed: 165 km/h (102 mph)
  • Service Ceiling: 5,300 m (17,390 ft)
  • Range: 249 km (155 mi)
  • Engine: Single 110/130 hp Le Rhone 9Jb rotary engine

Nieuport 17 Armament:

  • Single Vickers 0.303 in machine-gun firing through the propeller arc or a 0.303 in Lewis gun mounted "over-wing", occasionally both guns were fitted but were found to adversely affect performance.
 

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