Aircraft Type Index

WW1 Fighter Planes Index



Sopwith Camel 2F1 WW1 Fighter

The Naval version of the Sopwith Camel F1 fighter was the Sopwith Camel 2F1, it was introduced as a replacement for the Royal Navy's Sopwith Baby's and Sopwith Pup's, the F1's twin nose mounted machine guns were replaced with twin upper-wing mounted Lewis .303 machine guns, many aircraft however retained a single Vickers machine gun as well as the twin Lewis guns. The 2F1 Naval Camel or "Ship's Camel" had a slightly reduced wingspan and a removable tail to make the aircraft easier to store resulting in the nick name of the "Split Camel", a rubber balloon was also fitted into the tail boom to keep the plane afloat longer when ditched in the sea.

Sopwith Camel 2F1 Fighter Plane


A total of three hundred and forty Sopwith Camel 2F1's are known to have been produced, they served on four carriers, 10 battleships, and 17 cruisers during WW1. It is of note that Sopwith Camel 2F1's made the first ever carrier strike when on the 19th of July 1918, seven Sopwith Camel 2F1's fitted with 50 pound bombs were launched from the RN carrier HMS Furious, their target the three massive Zeppelin hangars at Tondern, the attack was successful, destroying some of the hangers and Zeppelins L54 and L60.

The Sopwith Camel 2F1 fighter pictured above is displayed in London's Imperial war museum and has an interesting history, on the 11th of August 1918 it was launched from a lighter towed in excess of thirty knots into wind behind the Royal Navy's destroyer HMS Redoubt, the fighter was flown by Flight Sub-Lieutenant Stuart D Culley, Culley successfully intercepted and shot down the German Zeppelin L.53 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Prölss, this was destined to be the last Zeppelin shot down in WW1, Sub-Lieutenant Culley then ditched his aircraft in the sea next to the Redoubt's lighter, and both he and his Sopwith Camel 2F1 were recovered, the aircraft being presented to the museum following the cessation of hostilities.


Sopwith Camel 2F1 Specifications:

  • Wing Span: 27 ft
  • Length: 18 ft 8 in
  • Height: 8 ft 6 in
  • Max Speed: 118 mph
  • Service Ceiling: 19,000 ft
  • Empty Weight: 889 lb

Sopwith Camel F1 Armament:

  • Single synchronised Vickers  .303 machine gun
  • Twin Lewis .303 machine guns
  • Two or Four 20lb under-fuselage mounted 25lb Cooper bombs or two 50lb

Sopwith Camel 2F1 Cockpit

Sopwith Camel 2F1 fighter cockpit

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